The Pill

Birth control pills are known as hormonal contraceptives. (It’s easy to see why it’s nicknamed “the pill”!) You have to take the pill every single day, around the same time. When taken properly, the pill can be 95 – 99% effective. The hormones in the pills work a few different ways.

  1. Prevents ovulation: Every month an egg is released during the monthly cycle. When the pill is taken, no egg is released. No egg = no fertilization.
  2. Thickens mucus: It may sound gross, but the pill makes the mucus that hangs around the cervix way thicker, so that it’s super hard for sperm to enter the uterus and make its way to any eggs.
  3. Changes lining of the uterus: the pill can sometimes make changes in this lining, which can make it super hard for an egg to attach to the wall of the uterus.

If anatomy is not your thing, that’s okay. Check out this funky diagram of the female reproductive system:

Super important detail: Medications such as antibiotics and some herbs can affect how well the pill works for birth control. If you are on a medication that affects the pill, you must use other forms of birth control in order to prevent a baby. This does not protect against sexy germs (STIs).

Sometimes the pill can help make your period regular, sometimes it can help with acne, and sometimes it has side effects you’d rather not deal with. Get all the info first. This form of birth control is used by millions of women worldwide, but you need to decide if it’s right for you.

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